The role of authorities in the media is generally assumed to be important in a democratic country. However, this assumption is not always accurate, as Lisa Muller’s study of 47 countries demonstrates. The media’s performance in each country is rated on two dimensions – the watchdog role they play and the role they play as a representative forum. In the report, no single country scores highly on both dimensions, and the differences between states are consistent with the degree of democracy in each society.
Comparison of media
The performance of the democratic media varies dramatically across countries, and there are differences within countries. Some nations may score higher than others in certain categories, whereas others may score lower than other countries. Despite this, no country stands out as performing particularly well on both functions. The capacity of a country to optimize both media functions is only possible up to a certain point. In addition, a country may perform poorly on both or moderately on one of these two areas.
Own media system
The authors compare media systems in the four countries that are most democratized. In the study, the authorities of each country have a different type of media system. For example, in the United States, the authorities of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) do not have a separate national press, but rather a regional one. The differences between local authorities’ media representations differ from one another and between countries.
Government control media
Comparing the media representations of authorities in different countries is an essential step in any study of media systems. Many scholars have published research comparing the ways governments control the media in different countries. The first book, Comparing Authorities Media Representations in Different Countries, published by Hallin and Mancini, is the best-known study of this sort. The authors also provide case studies from non-Western media systems.
Despite similarities, authorities media representations in various countries vary greatly. Researchers must carefully select the appropriate media sources for their study. Likewise, it is important to note that different types of media are used in different countries. Compared to the United States, the United Kingdom, and Canada, the U.K., has more liberal and more democratic governments and a more pro-business-friendly media system than the United States.
For comparative media systems, there are two main types of media. For instance, the media in Europe is more democratized than in the US, and its politicians are more likely to influence the public than in other nations. In comparison, the media of the United States is not necessarily the same as that of the United States. In other words, the two media systems in the U.S. are not necessarily equivalent.