The Role of Media During Disasters

The media is widely criticized for its role during a disaster. The media is often portrayed as sensationalizing anecdotes and ignoring the broader public health consequences of a disaster. They also tend to highlight the worst aspects of the event, often separating the physical from the mental effects. They also create new syndromes, such as the “Manhattan cough” or the “World Trade Center syndrome” and focus on the worst aspects of the situation.

Important role to play

The media’s role in disaster information and awareness has increased in modern society. Newscasts were the primary source of information for hurricane victims, while the tsunami in 2004 informed the world about the massive destruction that hit South Asia and India. The tsunami had a far-reaching effect on Asia, India, and Thailand, causing over 300,000 deaths and displacing millions of people.

Post-disaster recovery process

Studies have also shown that the media play an important role in the recovery process after a disaster. Mass media coverage can have a positive impact on a community’s health and can help in the education process, information, and awareness of the aftermath of a catastrophe. The mass counseling program in Kenya was set up after a terrorist attack, and the media was an important part of the publicity campaign.

Disaster media coverage

The role of media during a disaster is vital for the health and well-being of victims. In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, for instance, newscasts were the primary source of information for victims and their families. In 2004, the tsunami made millions of people homeless and in need in South Asia, India, and Sri Lanka. Further, media coverage of the disaster also helped alleviate panic among local communities.

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Response of the public

The role of the media during disasters is a key topic in disaster recovery research. The role of media is often reflected in the public’s response. The media may be instrumental in preventing the disaster or facilitating its recovery. Furthermore, the media can cause health problems and increase the risk of suicide. The effects of the media in a disaster can be detrimental. In fact, the only way to prevent this from happening is to reduce the media’s impact.


The role of the media during disasters is crucial for the health of a disaster. In addition to educating and raising awareness of the disaster, the media has become an integral part of the recovery process. However, the role of the media during a disaster has also been debated in the literature. The role of the media in a disaster recovery study is an important aspect for its effectiveness.

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