Health

Top 4 Skin Conditions Caused By Sun Damage

Although most individuals like the warmth and brightness of the sun, excessive sun exposure can cause severe skin damage. The sun’s rays dry out exposed skin and diminish the skin’s supply of natural lubricating oil. Furthermore, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause blistering and long-term alterations in the skin’s structure. UV (ultraviolet) radiation can harm the skin in various ways. The following list covers the numerous forms of sun damage Fort Worth that can develop.

1. Age spots (solar lentigines or sun spots)

Age spots are flat brown patches that occur regularly when your skin is exposed to ultraviolet (UV) light, either from tanning beds or the sun. Age spots most usually appear on regions of the body that are regularly exposed to sunlight, such as the face, hands, neck, décolletage, arms, and legs. Moreover, age spots can be treated with topical skin-lightening agents, chemical peels, laser treatments, and microdermabrasion.

2. Sallow skin

Skin discoloration can result from excessive sun exposure. Sun exposure can cause your normal skin pigmentation to turn a deep yellow, a condition known as sallowness. Exfoliate regularly, take a vitamin D supplement, use a brightening cleanser with vitamin C, and apply sunscreen with at least 30 SPF daily to avoid or cure sallow skin.

3. Suntan

A suntan is a darkening of your skin caused by sun exposure. A suntan that develops instantly is due mainly to UVA exposure, but a tan that emerges days later is primarily due to UVB exposure. A sun tan reflects modifications in the skin that occur at the molecular level. People with different skin types may be more or less susceptible to sunlight; however, there is no such thing as a “healthy tan.”

4. Dry skin

The sun makes direct contact with exposed skin, causing loss of moisture and vital oils. Dry, flaky skin can result from a lack of nutrients and moisture. Sunscreen and moisturizing regularly can help alleviate sun-damaged skin.

Symptoms

Sun-damaged skin exhibits the following signs:

  • Dry skin: The skin looks more dry, flaky, and wrinkled than the skin on other body regions that have not been exposed to the sun. One of the most prevalent reasons for itching is dry skin.
  • Actinic keratosis: This is characterized by a tiny sandpaper-like bump or a persistent area of scaly (peeling) skin with an irregular or even sharp surface with a pink, yellow, red, or brownish tinge. Actinic keratosis may initially be the size of a pimple. Actinic keratosis may itch or be mildly painful in rare cases.
  • Sunburn: On sun-exposed skin, mild sunburn causes discomfort and redness. There are often distinct boundary lines where the skin has been shielded from the sun by shirt sleeves, shorts, a swimming suit, or other clothes. Sunburn, in its most extreme form, causes painful blisters, nausea, and disorientation.
  • Long-term collagen changes in the skin: Signs of collagen changes include fine lines, deeper wrinkles, thicker skin texture, and easy bruising on sun-exposed regions, particularly the back of the hands and forearms.

Some sun damage is irreversible but prescription drugs, over-the-counter therapies, and skin-resurfacing procedures can help. Call Northstar Dermatology to schedule your meeting today to determine which sun damage treatments suit you.

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